|Rambler American Restoration
Driver's Side Quarter & Rocker Panels
Part 16 - Rocker Rust -- Filler
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May 13, 2004
In the last article, I showed you a picture of what looked
like an almost completed repair. The rocker does look good from a distance
(especially since the primer is flat gray) but the flaws in the seams would
stick out with shiny paint applied. To take care of those problems, I'll
need to use a little bit of filler. For this repair, I'm actually using the
real Bondo brand filler.
Before I start with the pictures, there's a few things you
should know about using plastic body filler. First, it has an undeserved
bad reputation. It got that from it's overuse when it was first introduced.
It is possible to fill a six inch deep dent with it and finish it to make it
look good but when it's that thick, it will fall out. The rule of thumb is
to use the least amount possible. I was taught never more than 1/8 inch but
I've heard people say that up to 1/4 inch is okay but quite honestly, if the
dent is that deep, you really need to work the base metal some more.
To ensure good results, keep the following in mind:
The base metal needs to be perfectly clean, bare metal.
It needs to be a fairly rough surface so the filler has
something to grab onto. I use 40ish grit paper to give it plenty of tooth.
After you finish prepping the surface, wipe it down with a
good paint prep to remove all traces of oils and other debris. After you do
that, avoid touching it with your body (skin oil can keep the filler from
The filler needs to be properly mixed. The filler can will
have mixing directions. Follow them. If you are not using a fiberglass or
metal reinforced filler, the filler will be about the same pinkish tan as a
plastic spreader when properly mixed.
If the filler starts clumping when you apply it (it will get
really stiff just before this happens), it's cured too much to use. Pay
attention to how it's spreading and you'll see when it's cured too much to
use. Generally, you have less than 5 minutes to use what you mixed.
When you mix the hardener in, fold it in instead of stirring
it. This keeps air bubbles to a minimum.
Don't let the filler freeze before you use it and don't use
it when it's been around more than a month or so after opening.
Enough with the lecture. Here's what I did last night:
The first thing was to strip the primer from the area I
wanted to work on, scuff the metal, and clean everything with metal prep.
I then mixed up a wad of filler and applied liberally. I
didn't mix much but I ended up having to toss about half of it into the can
(not counting what I sanded off later).
I then sanded the excess filler (most of what I applied)
away. I got it close with 40 grit and then finished with 80 grit. The part
that curves up the B pillar was done with paper backed with a thin rubber
sanding block to keep it even and the flat parts were done with a long
Notice the gray blob near the front of the B pillar? That's
a factory flaw. On a show car, that would be fixed but since this car's
going to be a driver (and it's barely as deep as a coat of primer), I'm
leaving it alone. Also notice how little filler there is on the weld seam.
That's what you're shooting for when you weld in replacement panels.
Here's what it looks like after it's been primed. The next
steps will be to sand with 180 grit paper. I'll do the entire repair at once
since that goes quick. After that step, the next thing will be to apply a
guide coat over the normally visible parts of the rocker to get
all of the little dents out of it.
In case you didn't know, the purpose of a guide coat is to
find all of the high and low spots in the body. What you do is spray a mist
coat of a contrasting color on the primer and sand until it's gone. High
spots will expose bare metal (or filler) and low spots will still have paint
in them. If all you have left is primer, you know that you have a perfectly
Here's another shot of the rear of the B pillar. Getting the
complex curves in this area to look good took a lot of patience and work
(especially since it's almost impossible to see this area once the door is
on) but it's good practice for other parts of the car.
I'm not sure how many more filler pictures I'll do but I
still have the following areas left to fill:
"Face" of the rocker cover at the B pillar
A few dents I found at the front of the rocker cover behind
the front wheel
Rear of the rocker cover near the quarter panel
Quarter panel where it covers the end of the rocker
If anything interesting comes up doing these area, I'll be
sure to share.
Up Next: Part
17 - Rocker Rust -- Getting Ready For Paint
05/23/04 04:42:50 PM